Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry and mainly deals with misaligned teeth and deviations in the position and shape of the jaw, including functional disorders of the entire orofacial muscular system. Basically, orthodontics offers two higher-level therapy options, orthodontics (focus on tooth position) and orthopedics (focus on jaw position / shape). Tooth movements can be carried out well into old age, but jaw stimulation only as long as the growth is present. There are numerous techniques and devices to choose from for both. Orthodontic treatments can be divided into three areas: preventive treatment measures in early age (possible from birth), orthodontic treatment in childhood and orthodontic treatment in adulthood.
In orthodontic treatment, teeth are positioned in accordance with aesthetic, physiological and anatomical norms. Orthodontic treatment can give the patient an optimized smile that corresponds to the anatomical structure.
Many misaligned teeth or jaws are caused by harmful habits such as lip and finger sucking, chewing on pens and the long use of pacifiers or feeding bottles. Early treatment focuses on giving up harmful habits early on.
The optimal age for orthodontic treatment can vary widely and should be considered individually. First of all, the patient should be thoroughly examined. For early diagnosis and treatment, an orthodontic visit is recommended for children under 7 years of age.
The ideal age to start orthodontic treatment is between 9 and 13 years. The growth and development phase is crucial here.
There is an age limit for orthodontic treatment, but healthy teeth and a healthy periodontium are required.
After inserting the fixed braces, there may be slight pain, sores (e.g. the inside of the lips and cheeks) and a feeling of pressure (on the teeth) in the first few days. This can take a few days but will pass again after the familiarization phase. In addition, the teeth can react sensitively during the first tooth movements when chewing and biting, but the use of painkillers is usually not necessary.
For patients who do not want metal brackets (fixed braces) due to the optics, there is a significantly faster and almost invisible alternative. Transparent aligners are made individually for the patient. This makes it possible for patients who do not prefer fixed braces to undergo orthodontic treatment with transparent aligners.
How does the Invisalign transparent aligner work?
The attached appliances move the teeth into the desired position with millimeter precision. As soon as the teeth are in the ideal position, the teeth are held in place by means of the transparent dental splint. Once the treatment step has been completed, the next dental splint is inserted. The method of treatment is not suitable for every patient.
What are the advantages of aligner aligners over fixed brackets?
The transparent aligner has several advantages over conventional braces. The aligner is an ideal treatment alternative, especially for adult patients who often do not want fixed braces. The aligners are almost invisible and much more comfortable in the oral cavity, whereas the wires and metal of fixed braces, especially during the familiarization phase, are irritating the oral mucosa and thus cause pain. In addition, daily care (brushing your teeth, flossing, etc.) of the transparent aligners is much more practical and easier due to their removable property.
What happens if i am not wearing my transparent aligner?
Regular use increases the success of the treatment. Therefore, you should follow the instructions of your dentist. It is important to wear the transparent aligners for 18 to 22 hours a day in order to achieve the desired and optimal treatment result.
Transparent aligner - is the treatment painful?
No, pain is rare. However, it can happen that the patient feels a slight feeling of pressure when inserting the dental splint for the first time. These are due to tooth movements and are completely normal. Compared to fixed brackets, the familiarization phase is much shorter.
Does the invisible splint interfere with speaking?
At the beginning of the treatment, the invisible aligner will of course look unfamiliar. The pronunciation might be slightly different until the patient gets used to the splint (familiarization phase 1-2 days).
Can I drink with my aligner aligner?
You can drink water and cold drinks with the aligners. Hot drinks such as tea and coffee can deform the transparent aligners and should therefore be removed beforehand.
How do I clean my transparent aligner?
Clean your aligner every morning and evening with a soft toothbrush and lukewarm water.
How long does orthodontic treatment take?
Orthodontic treatment can last anywhere from 6 months to 3 years. The duration of treatment depends on several factors, such as the extent of the deformity, cooperation of the patient, the treatment method and the age of the patient. When you start orthodontic treatment, please remember that it is a longer treatment process. There are instructions that you should follow during treatment. Following these instructions is important for your health and aesthetics.
Can the teeth move again after orthodontic treatment?
After orthodontic treatment, the teeth may return to their original position after a certain period of time. To prevent this, the new position can be held using retention devices.