Root canal treatment (endodontics) is a dental treatment method that is used to preserve teeth whose tooth nerve (pulp) is inflamed and / or has already died. The aim is to treat the inflammation in order to prevent tooth extraction. In the early stages, inflammation does not always cause pain. In some cases, the tooth turns gray to dark in color and loses its shine. This discoloration can indicate that the tooth nerve (pulp) is inflamed or has already died.
Why is a root canal treatment necessary?
If there is inflammation of the pulp caused by bacteria, the inflammation can spread to other areas (e.g. the jawbone) via the root canal system. In advanced stages of the inflammation, an abscess can develop, which is noticeable through painful teeth (biting, chewing, etc.), swelling and increased temperature. In the case of an inflamed tooth nerve (pulp), root canal treatment is often the last chance to stop the inflammation from spreading and thus prevent tooth extraction.
Is a root canal treatment painful?
No, the tooth and the surrounding tissue are anesthetized locally so that the treatment can be carried out completely painlessly.
How long does a root canal treated tooth last?
If the tooth, which has been prepared and cleaned up to the root tip, is filled with the right technique and tissue-friendly materials (root canal filling), there are hardly any differences to a healthy tooth. The life of the tooth depends on the quality of a root canal treatment and careful maintenance.
How does the root canal treatment work?
If there is no lesion (injury or disorder), the caries will be eliminated and dead tissue removed in the first treatment session.
The root canal is opened, infected tooth pulp (tooth nerve) is removed, the root canal is shaped and finally closed with a filling. If there is an abscess or a lesion, the canal is opened and the tooth is closed with a temporary filling. The root canal treatment is completed in the second treatment session.
Can a tooth that has been treated with a root canal become inflamed again?
In principle, re-ignition is impossible. If an infection or inflammation does occur, the root canal treatment can be repeated. This process is called revision or revision handling.
What happens if I do not undergo root canal treatment?
If a root canal treatment is not desired, the tooth must be extracted. However, a dentist will always prefer to save the tooth and ensure that it remains in its full function. It should also be in your best interest to save and protect your teeth.