Founded in the 2C BC by Attalus II (160-139 BC) , king of Pergamum, and named ATTALEIA in his honor, modern Antalya has few relics of its ancient past. About 158 BC Attalus attempted to subdue the rebellious city of Selge, which was nominally part of the kingdom of Pergamum, and although he failed in his attempt, he managed to conquer a large part of Pamphylia. As Side, the only port of any importance in that province was under the protection of Rome, he was obliged to found the city of Attaleia to obtain an outlet to the Mediterranean. His nephew and successor, Attalus III bequeathed his kingdom to Rome in 133 BC. Direct rule brought few benefits to the inhabitants of the province. A succession of venal and grasping governors enriched themselves at the expense of their subjects and the pirates coming from the Cilicia continued their depredations almost without check. It was not until 67 BC that a successful campaign conducted by Pompei put an end to piracy in that part of the Mediterranean . In 130 AD Hadrian came to Antalya. This visit was commemorated by the erection of a ceremonial arc which still stands.
St. Paul visited nearby Perge, but little is known of the early history of Christianity in Antalya. During the Crusades, Antalya was an important staging post for the transportation of soldiers and their supplies to the Holy Land. Briefly occupied by the Seljuk Turks in the 12th C and then returned to Byzantine rule, it was again conquered by Giyaseddin Keyhüsrev in 1206. During the reign of Yildirim Bayazit, it became part
of the Ottoman Empire. It remained an Ottoman provincial subdivision until World War I. Then, as part of the spoils of war, it was ceded to Italy in 1918. In 1921 it was liberated by the Turkish army and became a provincial capital of the Turkish Republic.
The Turquoise Coast and Antalya have a typically Mediterranean climate; in the spring and autumn the weather will be sunny and warm. Midday temperatures could be quite hot. The time of sunset ranges from 6.30 in the spring and fall to 8.30 in mid-summer.
The temperature chart below is provided to give you guidelines of the average temperatures. Remember, you will be most comfortable if you are prepared for the extremes.
MAY: Sunrise Temp.15 – 17, Afternoon Temp.25 – 26, Sea temp.19 – 21
SEPTEMBER: Sunrise Temp. 19 – 20, Afternoon Temp 30 – 31, Sea temp 25 – 28
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